How film music shapes narrative
Onboard the Norwegian Pearl , there is also a bowling alley, casino, spa, and even a rock-climbing wall among other amenities. mountainsongatsea.com/ Country Music Cruise Get those dancing boots ready to “stomp the boat” on a week-long cruise from Fort Lauderdale with stops in Grand Turk, San Juan, and St. Maarten aboard one of Holland America ‘s newest ships, the Eurodam . More than 16 musicians and bands are already booked for the January sailing, including Kenny Rogers, Vince Gill, Patty Loveless, Larry Gatlin and The Gatlin Brothers, Ronnie Milsap, Restless Heart, and many others including comedian John Reep. countrymusiccruise.com/ The KISS Cruise Bring your costumes and your face paint and get ready to rock and roll all night! This October the “KISS Cruise” kicks off from Miami on the Norwegian Pearl . Like the Kid Rock voyage, the ship visits Key West and Great Stirrup Cay in the Bahamas and includes live performances on the deck as well as an indoor rock show. Passengers have an opportunity to take a photo with the band, participate in a Q&A session, and join various activities with each of the KISS members, like a belly flop contest, a guitar pick-throwing competition with Gene Simmons, and a Halloween costume contest. thekisskruise.com/ The Groove Cruise What’s called the “world’s largest fully charted dance music cruise,” The “Groove Cruise” throws more than a dozen parties onboard the Norwegian Pearl . The event is celebrating its 10th anniversary this January, and has set sail on 19 different cruises from Miami, Los Angeles, San Diego and New York City. Although the lineup had yet to be announced for the next sailing, previous artists and DJs have included Deadmau5, Benny Benassi, Roger Sanchez, Ferry Corsten, Thomas Gold, Mark Knight, and Dirty Dutch.
He predicts Wire concertgoers and students also will fan out to other neighborhood businesses. “That whole destination thing, there’s something to that,” said FitzGerald, who compares what he is seeing to the game “Monopoly.” “This little strip here from FitzGerald’s down to the Wire you’re starting to see some houses on those monopolies,” he said, referring to the board game’s development options. “I think Berwyn wants to see hotels.” Boosted by a recent $10 million streetscape improvement project, Roosevelt Road is being developed as the town’s “entertainment corridor,” said Berwyn Development Corp. Executive Director Anthony Griffin. “We do have some thoughts of building upon the music scene of Roosevelt Road,” Griffin said. The corporation, which contracts with the city, dedicated about $230,000 in local taxes toward the $1.2 million Wire renovation, Griffin said. The money came from a tax increment financing program, which diverts tax dollars from the city and schools toward economic development projects, he said. Wire is projected to generate nearly $50,000 per year in property and sales taxes, he said. Other recent arrivals include Wing Boss, a Culver’s restaurant, Sushi Junkie and a retail bake shop at Turano Baking Co., he said. The building that houses Wire was a theater in the 1930s, said David King, president of David King & Associates, the Oak Park real estate firm that managed the building’s sale. The space was later occupied by a local council of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters, which sold it to Neville and the other investors, King said. The new owners stripped the interior to bricks, hauling away about 30 truckloads of material from two dozen offices and several bathrooms that had made up most of the second floor, Neville said. A stage and an elaborate lighting system were erected in the cavernous space that remained, along with a bar built from some of the building’s beams. Neville estimates the venue will accommodate around 350 people. “It’s important to us that music comes first here,” he said.
Diegetic music is music produced within the implied world of the film such as the music supposedly piped into the mall where John and Agatha are on the run. Nondiegetic music, in turn, refers to music external to this narrative universe, such as music mirroring the mood and action of a car chase. What if Moon River were presented nondiegetically as a dramatic score accompanying the scene, rather than playing inside the fictional world John and Agatha inhabit? How might diegetic versus nondiegetic presentation of the same piece of music shape our impressions of a film scene? Surprisingly, a search of the film music research didnt uncover any related studies along these lines. Indeed, almost all film music studies have focused solely on the effects of nondiegetic music. Diegetic music has been largely neglected in the research. So my colleagues Matthew Spackman (Bringham College) and Elizabeth Wakefield (Kalamazoo College) and I set out to investigate. We selected the 85-second shopping mall sequence from Spielbergs Minority Report described above, found at 1:35:33-1:36:57 on the 2002 DVD. We prepared three versions: The Original Diegetic version was the unaltered Spielberg version with the Henry Mancini Moon River ballad sounding as if it were playing over speakers inside the shopping mall. The Nondiegetic Moon River version was one we created by purchasing the same Henry Mancini Moon River as a single, and mixing it louder and clearer to sound like a dramatic score. Speech and sound effects from the original were retained, still crisp and audible. Nondiegetic chase music: As the Moon River music is incongruent with the mood of an action sequence, we created another nondiegetic version with John Williams music from Spielbergs Empire of the Sun which was scored for a chase sequence at 0:39:49 on the 2001 DVD. The music was taken from the CD soundtrack (Track 10, 2:03-2:30 and 2:42-3:42).